Designers can determine the material efficiency of their projects through specification, including the use of exposed concrete to minimise the use of finishing materials. Guidance on Material Efficiency and Visual Concrete are available from The Concrete Centre.
The concrete industry is a net user of waste and consumed 99 times more recovered and waste material than the waste it sent to landfill. Concrete is also 100% recyclable.
The concrete industry, as well as recycling its own process waste, uses by-products, secondary materials and material diverted from the waste stream to reduce its demands on primary raw materials and energy. By-products including fly ash from power stations and ground granulated blastfurnace slag (GGBS) from the steel industry have less embodied CO2 than cement and can have a positive effect on the appearance and performance of concrete.
- OPTIMISE RESOURCE EFFICIENCY
Working in partnership with WRAP, the concrete and masonry industries are developing Resource Efficiency Action Plans. These plans will inform best practice for the efficient use of resources throughout the lifecycle of concrete, with performance published in the industry’s annual performance report.